Volume 13 Issue 1
Mar.  2022
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
zhenqiang Wang, Gaofeng Jia. Challenges Associated with Creeping Disasters in Disaster Risk Science and Practice: Considering Disaster Onset Dynamics[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2022, 13(1): 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s13753-022-00391-9
Citation: zhenqiang Wang, Gaofeng Jia. Challenges Associated with Creeping Disasters in Disaster Risk Science and Practice: Considering Disaster Onset Dynamics[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2022, 13(1): 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s13753-022-00391-9

Challenges Associated with Creeping Disasters in Disaster Risk Science and Practice: Considering Disaster Onset Dynamics

doi: 10.1007/s13753-022-00391-9

odowska-Curie Grant Agreement No.897656.

This work was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skł

  • Available Online: 2022-03-04
  • In this article, we set out to reconcile a general conceptualization of disaster temporalities by drawing on the epitome example of a creeping disaster, namely famine. Our argument is driven by the recognition that slowly manifesting disaster impacts pose distinct challenges for decision makers and researchers while there is a tendency for the disaster literature to overlook the role of disaster onset dynamics. More specifically and as a starting point, we identify four key themes that merit particular attention when dealing with creeping disasters:(1) our understanding of disaster as a phenomenon; (2) measurement and operationalization; (3) early warning and response; and (4) disaster management and termination. By integrating conceptual discussions of disaster with famine scholarship-a phenomenon often excluded from mainstream disaster research-this article provides fresh perspectives on disaster science as well as a number of implications for how we think about disaster risk reduction.
  • loading
  • Ahrens, W. 2003. Cultural and political obstacles to accepting early warnings of the Aral Sea disaster. In Early warning systems for natural disaster reduction, ed. J. Zschau, and A. Küppers, 305-310. Berlin:Springer.
    Alcántara-Ayala, I., and A. Oliver-Smith. 2015. The necessity of Early Warning Articulated Systems (EWASs):Critical issues beyond response. In Identifying emerging issues in disaster risk reduction, migration, climate change and sustainable development, ed. K. Sudmeier-Rieux, M. Fernández, I. Penna, M. Jaboyedoff, and J. Gaillard, 101-124. Cham:Springer.
    Birkland, T.A. 1998. Focusing events, mobilization, and agenda setting. Journal of Public Policy 18(1):53-74.
    Boin, A., M. Ekengren, and M. Rhinard. 2020. Hiding in plain sight:Conceptualizing the creeping crisis. Risk, Hazards& Crisis in Public Policy 11(2):116-138.
    Boin, A., and P.'t Hart, E. Stern, and B. Sundelius. 2017. The politics of crisis management:Public leadership under pressure, 2nd edn. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
    Bosher, L., K. Chmutina, and D. van Niekerk. 2021. Stop going around in circles:Towards a reconceptualisation of disaster risk management phases. Disaster Prevention and Management 30(4/5):525-537.
    Burton, I., R.W. Kates, and G.F. White. 1993. The environment as hazard, 2nd edn. New York:Guilford Press.
    Coetzee, C., and D. van Niekerk. 2012. Tracking the evolution of the disaster management cycle:A general system theory approach. Jàmbá:Journal of Disaster Risk Studies 4(1):1-9.
    Conley, B., and A. de Waal. 2019. The purposes of starvation:Historical and contemporary uses. Journal of International Criminal Justice 17(4):699-722.
    Costella, C., C. Jaime, J. Arrighi, E.C. de Prez, P. Suarez, and M. van Aalst. 2017. Scalable and sustainable:How to build anticipatory capacity into social protection systems. IDS Bulletin:Transforming Development Knowledge 48(4):31-46.
    DeFalco, R. 2017. Conceptualizing famine as a subject of international criminal justice:Towards a modality-based approach. University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law 38(1):1113-1187.
    DeLeo, R.A. 2016. Anticipatory policymaking:When government acts to prevent problems and why it is so difficult. London:Routledge.
    De Waal, A. 1989. Famine mortality:A case study of Darfur, Sudan 1984-85. Population Studies 43(1):5-24.
    De Waal, A. 1993. War and famine in Africa. IDS Bulletin:Transforming Development Knowledge 24(4):33-40.
    De Waal, A. 1997. Famine crimes. London:Villiers Publications.
    De Waal, A. 2018. Mass starvation:The history and future of famine. Cambridge:Polity Press.
    Devereux, S. 2007. The new famines:Why famines persist in an era of globalization. London:Routledge.
    Dowlah, C. 2006. The politics and economics of food and famine in Bangladesh in the early 1970s-with special reference to Amartya Sen's interpretation of the 1974 famine. International Journal of Social Welfare 15(4):344-356.
    Dynes, R.R. 2004. Expanding the horizons of disaster research. Natural Hazards Observer 28(4):1-2.
    Fergusson, J. 2013. The world's most dangerous place:Inside the outlaw state of Somalia. London:Black Swan Publishing.
    Fritz, C.E. 1961. Disaster. In Contemporary social problems, ed. R.K. Merton, and R. Nisbet, 651-694. New York:Harcourt, Brace&World.
    Glantz, M.H. 1976. The politics of natural disasters:The case of the Sahel drought. New York:Praeger.
    Glantz, M.H. 1994. Creeping environmental problems. The World and I 1994:218-225.
    Gráda, C.Ó. 2009. Famine:A short history. Princeton:Princeton University Press.
    Hannigan, J. 2013. Disasters without borders:The international politics of natural disasters. Cambridge:Polity Press.
    Healy, A., and N. Malhotra. 2009. Myopic voters and natural disaster policy. American Political Science Review 103(3):387-406.
    Heaton, L. 2012. Somalia famine relief:A view from Mogadishu. Washington, DC:The Enough Project.
    Hewitt, K. 1983. The idea of calamity in a technocratic age. In Interpretations of calamity:From the viewpoint of human ecology, ed. K. Hewitt, 3-32. Boston:Allen&Unwin.
    Hewitt, K. 1995. Sustainable disasters?Perspectives and power in the discourse of calamity. In Power of development, ed. J. Crash, 115-128. London:Routledge.
    Howe, P. 2018. Famine systems:A new model for understanding the development of famines. World Development 105(C):144-155.
    Howe, P., and S. Devereux. 2004. Famine intensity and magnitude scales:A proposal for an instrumental definition of famine. Disasters 28(4):353-372.
    Hsu, E.L. 2019. Must disasters be rapidly occurring?The case for an expanded temporal typology of disasters. Time&Society 28(3):Article 904921.
    IFRC (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies). 2020. What is a disaster?https://www.ifrc.org/en/what-we-do/disaster-management/about-disasters/what-is-a-disaster/. Accessed 28 Jul 2021.
    IPC (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification). 2020. IPC resource 01:Famine classification. Rome:Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).
    IPC (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification). 2021. Famine review of the IPC acute food insecurity analysis. Rome:Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).
    Jaime, H. 2013. The"silent disaster "of local losses. UNISDR working paper prepared for the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR)2013. Geneva:UNISDR.
    Keen, D. 1993. Famine, needs-assessment and survival strategies in Africa. Oxfam Research Papers 8. Oxford:Oxfam GB.
    Keen, D. 1994. The benefits of famine. Princeton:Princeton University Press.
    Kelman, I. 2019. Pacific island regional preparedness for El Niño. Environment, Development and Sustainability 21(1):405-428.
    Kelman, I. 2020. Disaster by choice. Oxford:Oxford University Press.
    Kelman, I., and M.H. Glantz. 2014. Early warning systems defined. In Reducing disaster:Early warning systems for climate change, ed. S. Singh, and Z. Zommers, 89-108. Dordrecht:Springer.
    Kelman, I., J. Field, K. Suri, and G.M. Bhat. 2018. Disaster diplomacy in Jammu and Kashmir. International Journal for Disaster Risk Reduction 31:1132-1170.
    Kruke, B.I., and O.E. Olsen. 2012. Knowledge creation and reliable decision-making in complex emergencies. Disasters 36(2):212-232.
    Lautze, S., W. Bell, L. Alinovi, and L. Russo. 2012. Early warning, late response (again):The 2011 famine in Somalia. Global Food Security 1(1):43-49.
    Lewis, J. 1988. On the line:An open letter in response to" Confronting natural disasters, an international decade for natural hazard reduction". Natural Hazards Observer 7(4):Article 4.
    Marcus, D. 2003. Famine crimes in international law. The American Journal of International Law 97(2):245-281.
    Marulanda, M.C., O.D. Cardona, and A.H. Barbat. 2010. Revealing the socioeconomic impact of small disasters in Colombia using the DesInventar Database. Disasters 34(2):552-570.
    Matthewman, S. 2015. Disasters, risk and revelation:Making sense of our times. Basingstoke, UK:Palgrave Macmillan.
    Maxwell, D., and M. Fitzpatrick. 2012. The 2011 Somalia famine:Context, causes and complications. Global Food Security 1(1):5-12.
    Maxwell, D., A. Khalif, P. Hailey, and F. Checchi. 2020. Determining famine:Multi-dimensional analysis for the twenty-first century. Food Policy 92:Article 101832.
    Meriläinen, E., and M. Koro. 2021. Data, disasters, and space-time entanglements. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 12(1):157-168.
    Neal, D.M. 1997. Reconsidering the phases of disasters. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 15(2):239-264.
    OCHA (United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs). 2011. OCHA and slow-onset emergencies. OCHA Occasional Policy Briefing Series 6. New York:OCHA.
    OHCHR (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights). 2021. Special rapporteur on the right to food. https://www.ohchr.org/en/issues/food/pages/foodindex.aspx. Accessed 28 Jul 2021.
    Osmani, S.R. 1993. The entitlement approach to famine:An assessment. WIDER Working Papers 107. Helsinki:United Nations University/World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU/WIDER).
    Patnaik, U. 1991. Food availability and famine-A longer view. Journal of Peasant Studies 19(1):1-25.
    Perry, R.W., and E.L. Quarantelli. 2005. What is a disaster?New answers to old questions. Philadelphia:Xlibris.
    Quarantelli, E.L. 1991. Disaster research:An entry for an encyclopedia. Preliminary Papers 167. Newark, DE:University of Delaware Disaster Research Center.
    Quarantelli, E.L. 1997. Ten criteria for evaluating the management of community disasters. Disasters 21(1):39-56.
    Quarantelli, E.L. 1998. What is a disaster?Perspectives on the question. London:Routledge.
    Quarantelli, E.L. 2000. Emergencies, disasters and catastrophes are different phenomena. Preliminary Papers 304. Newark, DE:University of Delaware Disaster Research Center.
    Rosenthal, U. 1998. Future disasters, future definitions. In What is a disaster?Perspectives on the question, ed. E.L. Quarantelli, 146-159. London:Routledge.
    Rubin, O. 2009. The entitlement approach:A case for framework development rather than demolition:A comment on "Entitlement failure and deprivation:A critique of Sen's famine philosophy" . The Journal of Development Studies 45(4):621-640.
    Rubin, O. 2009. The merits of democracy in famine protection-Fact or fallacy?. The European Journal of Development Research 21:699-717.
    Rubin, O. 2018. The political dynamics of voter retrospection and disaster responses. Disasters 44(2):239-261.
    Rubin, O. 2019. The precarious state of famine research. The Journal of Development Studies 55(8):1633-1653.
    Seaman, J. 1993. Famine mortality in Africa. IDS Bulletin:Transforming Development Knowledge 24(4):27-32.
    Sen, A. 1981. Poverty and famines. Oxford:Oxford University Press.
    Sen, A. 1999. Development as freedom. New York:Knopf.
    Shaluf, I.M. 2007. An overview on disasters. Disaster Prevention and Management 16(5):687-703.
    Staupe-Delgado, R. 2019a. Progress, traditions and future directions in research on disasters involving slow-onset hazards. Disaster Prevention and Management 28(5):623-635.
    Staupe-Delgado, R. 2019b. Overcoming barriers to proactive response in slow-onset disasters. Contributing Paper to GAR 2019. Geneva:UNDRR.
    Staupe-Delgado, R. 2022. Disasters and life in anticipation of slow calamity:Perspectives from the Colombian Andes. Abingdon:Routledge.
    Staupe-Delgado, R., B.I. Kruke, R.J. Ross, and M.H. Glantz. 2018. Preparedness for slow-onset environmental disasters:Drawing lessons from three decades of El Niño impacts. Sustainable Development 26(6):553-563.
    Tierney, K., and M. Bruneau. 2007. Conceptualizing and measuring resilience:A key to disaster loss reduction. TR News 250(May-June):14-17.
    Twigg, J. 2004. Disaster risk reduction:Mitigation and preparedness in development and emergency programming. London:Humanitarian Practice Network (HPN), Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
    UNDRR (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction). 2017. Terminology. https://www.preventionweb.net/terminology/view/475. Accessed 28 Jul 2021.
    Viens, A.M., and J. Littmann. 2015. Is antimicrobial resistance a slowly emerging disaster?. Public Health Ethics 8(3):255-265.
    WFP (United Nations World Food Programme). 2021. WFP warns of countdown to catastrophe as acute hunger reaches new peak. https://www.wfp.org/news/wfp-warns-countdown-catastropheacute-hunger-reaches-new-peak. Accessed 8 Dec 2021.
    Wilhite, D.A., and M.H. Glantz. 1985. Understanding:The drought phenomenon:The role of definitions. Water International 10(3):111-120.
    Wisner, B., P. Blaikie, T. Cannon, and I. Davis. 2004. At risk:Natural hazards, people's vulnerability and disasters, 2nd edn. London:Routledge.
    Yamori, K., and J.D. Goltz. 2021. Disasters without borders:The coronavirus pandemic, global climate change and the ascendancy of gradual onset disasters. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(6):Article 3299.
    Zaidi, R.Z. 2018. Beyond the Sendai indicators:Application of a cascading risk lens for the improvement of loss data indicators for slow-onset hazards and small-scale disasters. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 30:306-314.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (124) PDF downloads(1) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint