Gabriel A. Bernal, Mario A. Salgado-Gálvez, Daniela Zuloaga, Julián Tristancho, Diana González, Omar-Darío Cardona. Integration of Probabilistic and Multi-Hazard Risk Assessment Within Urban Development Planning and Emergency Preparedness and Response: Application to Manizales, Colombia[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2017, 8(3): 270-283. doi: 10.1007/s13753-017-0135-8
Citation: Gabriel A. Bernal, Mario A. Salgado-Gálvez, Daniela Zuloaga, Julián Tristancho, Diana González, Omar-Darío Cardona. Integration of Probabilistic and Multi-Hazard Risk Assessment Within Urban Development Planning and Emergency Preparedness and Response: Application to Manizales, Colombia[J]. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2017, 8(3): 270-283. doi: 10.1007/s13753-017-0135-8

Integration of Probabilistic and Multi-Hazard Risk Assessment Within Urban Development Planning and Emergency Preparedness and Response: Application to Manizales, Colombia

doi: 10.1007/s13753-017-0135-8
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This work was carried out within the framework of the inter-institutional agreement between the Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales Campus, and the Corporación Autónoma Regional de Caldas (CORPOCALDAS)-the regional environmental authority- and the authors are grateful for the unwavering support and encouragement provided by the leaders and staff of both institutions.

  • Available Online: 2021-04-26
  • The details of a multi-hazard and probabilistic risk assessment, developed for urban planning and emergency response activities in Manizales, Colombia, are presented in this article. This risk assessment effort was developed under the framework of an integral disaster risk management project whose goal was to connect risk reduction activities by using open access and state-of-theart risk models. A probabilistic approach was used for the analysis of seismic, landslide, and volcanic hazards to obtain stochastic event sets suitable for probabilistic loss estimation and to generate risk results in different metrics after aggregating in a rigorous way the losses associated to the different hazards. Detailed and high resolution exposure databases were used for the building stock and infrastructure of the city together with a set of vulnerability functions for each of the perils considered. The urban and territorial ordering plan of the city was updated for socioeconomic development and land use using the hazard and risk inputs and determinants, which cover not only the current urban area but also those adjacent areas where the expansion of Manizales is expected to occur. The emergency response capabilities of the city were improved by taking into account risk scenarios and after updating an automatic and real-time post-earthquake damage assessment.
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